Frogs are amphibians that are known for their jumping abilities, croaking sounds, bulging eyes, and slimy skin. They live all over the world and are among the most diverse animals in the world, with more than 6,000 species. Toads tend to have dry, bumpy, and possibly warty skin. Toads have a shorter body and their legs are often described as stubby or muscular.
Frogs and toads have similar diets. They are omnivorous feeding on insects, worms, small fish, algae, and other swamp creatures. In general, frogs prefer a moist environment, while toads have adapted to both dry and moist environments. Due to their longer legs, typical frogs are capable of very long jumps, many times their own body length, while the typical toad moves only in short hops.
There is no difference in lifespan for frogs and toads. The average frog or toad lives for 7 to 14 years while some live to be 40. Both the frog and toad lay their eggs on or very close to water. Female toads and frogs lay their eggs in water and the males fertilize them. The eggs will hatch into tadpoles and as they grow up they develop legs. The way in which each type of animal lays its eggs is another difference. The frog lays its eggs in clusters. The toad lays its eggs in long chains. However, several toad subspecies give birth to live young.
The toad lives on land, mainly in fields, woods, and gardens. On the other hand, frogs live in water, mainly in streams and ponds. Some subspecies live in rainforests. However, frogs need to keep its skin wet so it will live near a water source. While a toad is nocturnal and sleeps throughout the day, the frog is active in the daytime and at night. Both animals are solitary, although the toad will live in groups when it hibernates and during mating.